Anthony R. Reed, P.C., commercial real estate broker / agent, Tucson, AZ

Direct Phone:
(520) 403-2150

(520) 989-6042

Toll Free:
(800) 328-1575


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Historic Perspectives

Native American Influence 
for thousands of years, Indians were the exclusive inhabitants of Arizona. Archaeological evidence points to the prehistoric existence of three major tribal groups - the Anasazai of the northern plateau highlands, the Mogollon people of the northeastern and eastern mountain belt, and the Hohokam of the southern desert. The earliest inhabitants of Southern Arizona were the Hohokam Indians, who irrigated and farmed the area for more than 700 years, until about AD 1400. There is no record of the Hohokam after that time, although it is believed they may have been the ancestors of the Pima Indians. The name Hohokam in the Pima Indian language means "those who have vanished." The Pima and Sobaipuri Indians witnessed Spanish Jesuit missionary Father Eusebio Francisco Kino's visit to the Tucson area in 1687. In 1700, Father Kino established the San Xavier Mission at the nearby village of Bac. He founded approximately 24 missions in the region and introduced Christianity and the Spanish culture to the Indians.

The Beginnings of a City 
Spain was the first country to fly its flag over historic Tucson. The Indian name for the settlement here was Stjukshon, pronounced like Tucson, which roughly translates as "spring at the foot of the black hill." Spanish settlers built the walled San Augustin del Tucson presidio in 1776 to protect themselves from marauding Apaches. The walls of the presidio gave Tucson its nickname "Old Pueblo." The Spanish introduced cattle and horse raising and a variety of new agricultural crops and techniques to the Native Americans. They left a dominant imprint on the architecture and culture of the area. Tucson became part of Mexico in 1821 when Mexico gained its independence from Spain. The American flag was raised over Tucson in 1846 by the commander of the Mormon Battalion during the Mexican War, and the ensuing Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo in 1848 ceded most of Arizona and New Mexico to the United States. In 1853 the Gadsden Purchase added another 30,000 acres to the United States and drew the US-Mexico border at its present location. Except for two brief periods during the Civil War when Confederate soldiers raised their standard, the Stars and Stripes has continued to fly over the city. Early Tucson was an Overland Stage stop and major outpost against the Apaches. From 1867 to 1877, Tucson was the capital of the territory. The founding of the University of Arizona paved the way for the modern city of today.  

Tucson Today 
Nearly 860,000 people now live in metropolitan Tucson. Today's Tucson is a unique blend of Western atmosphere and cosmopolitan style. The architecture, the Native American and Spanish heritage, and the cultural activities have created a special ambiance. Listen carefully, because if the language you hear is not Spanish, it may be Yaqui or Papago, the languages of earlier settlers. Or it could well be German, Grench or Dutch. Foreigners sojourn to Tucson for reasons of culture, climate, commerce and medical care. While its roots go back to the beginning of recorded history, Tucson has a young, dynamic population. The average age here is 30.6, compared with 33 for the United States as a whole. And Tucson is just large enough to offer the perks of a big city and small enough that natives express outrage if there is a ten-minute delay in traffic. 

It is a big city by virture of its land mass -- at 1632 square miles it is three times larger than San Francisco. But it is small enough that when hometowner Linda Ronstadt returns to perform -- usually singing in both English and Spanish -- Tucsonans respectfully leave her be as she walks with her family from a concert. The city of Tucson's neighborhoods are now divided equally between newcomers and native Mexican-American families. Several of these neighborhoods -- referred to as barrios -- are governed by strict historical status: Not a board comes down or goes up without scrupulous analysis by a neighborhood association. 

Because of its casual, welcoming atmosphere, Tucson was included in the book, 50 Fabulous Places to Raise Your Family, by Lee and Saralee Rosenberg (Career Press, 1993). In addition to rating Tucson schools as "excellent" and describing its employment outlook as "one of the fastest growing job markets in the U.S.," the author has offered this ultimate high praise: "If you were to go to a drawing board to create the ideal urban environment of the '90s, you'd be wise to use Tucson as a model." Historically, agriculture and copper mining were the basis of Southern Arizona's economies. Today, tourism is a leading industry. The city's museums, festivals, specialty shops, and recreation activities attract visitors from around the world. 

Long Realty Company

River/Campbell Office
1890 E. River Road
Tucson, AZ  85718